This is PART 3 of a blog series on all the words and phrases unique to knitting. In Knitting Lingo Everyone Should Know - Part 1, I focused strictly on materials used in knitting. There are probably more than you'd think! Knitting Lingo Everyone Should Know - Part 2 of the series dives into different techniques and types of construction, and I'll continue that list here in Part 3.
If there's anything I missed or something you'd like to expand on, comment on the post below. I did my best to define these, I hope you learn something. I definitely did!
Fringe - This one's pretty common in everyday language! Fringe is added to the side of a garment as a decorative border. When I think fringe, I think tassels but I suppose it could be any kind of border involving loose threads.
Dutch Heel - A type of heel in sock knitting where you create a sturdy heel flap from slipped stitches and then pick up stitches along the edges to continue with the sock. Also very similar to the French Heel, which is less common.
Short Row Heel - A type of heel in sock knitting comprised completely of short rows (no need to pick up stitches!).
Gusset - Any triangular-looking piece of knitting that is used to shape and provide structure for a garment. Mittens have them around the thumb, and socks have them at the heel. A "gusset heel" is another type of heel in sock knitting.
ICord - A piece of knitting that ends up like a tube. It's commonly used for straps.
Loom Knitting - Using a loom to knit (genius definition, right?). From my experience, loom knitting is very well suited for beginners. When you see a loom, you may think that you can only create a handful of things from it, but the possibilities are endless. There are amazing patterns out there for loom knitting! If you have a favorite loom knitting pattern designer or you are one, comment the social media accounts or websites below!
Yarn Over - Switching the yarn to the opposite side it should be for your next stitch to create a hole in your knitting. Ex. If the next stitch is knit, move the yarn to the front. If the next stitch is purl, move the yarn to the back.
Flame Stitch - Using color to create some pretty wild zig-zag patterns. There may be an actual "flame stitch" out there, but in this case I don't mean a particular stitch pattern but a design technique.
Eyelets - Just a fancy way of saying hole. Yarn overs in lace knitting create eyelets.
Ribbing - There's a lot of stitch types out there, but this is the only one I included because it has a very practical use. Designers often include ribbing in their patterns because it collapses on itself, giving the finished piece and incredible amount of stretch. You'll usually see ribbing on sleeve cuffs and other kinds of borders. There are plenty of other stitches that act this way, but ribbing is by far the most popular!
Edging - The umbrella term for fringe - meaning any kind of border. Edging usually either adds a decorative element or a practical function (like flattening a curled piece).
Felting - I'm not a felting expert! So if you are, my other readers and I would love to hear more about your unique craft in the comments! You basically use a unique tool to stamp wool or other natural fiber that has already been knit up. This causes the fibers to separate from their original orientation and melt with each other. The resulting piece is a more cohesive fabric that no longer has defined stitches.
Mosaic - Colorwork involving slipped stitches to hide the opposite color. Very easy to learn!
Amigurumi - ADORABLE little stuffed animals made with yarn by knitting or crocheting. There's also a whole other category of this that is basically the art of teeny tiny amigurumi. Selling amigurumi was actually my first attempt at Etsy, which is why my shop is labeled as opened in 2014, not 2018! Another post about that adventure is coming... :)
Bobble - A knot or collection of stitches grouped together on a knitted piece. There are lots of stitch patterns that result in bobbles. A very common technique to create them is some variation of first increasing a number of stitches and then decreasing the same number of stitches, all on one stitch. It's simple to do and gives a great texture!
Set In Sleeves - In Part 2 of this blog series, I talked about a few different types of sweater construction. "Set In Sleeves" is the last one I'll mention! This is created by knitting sleeves separately and shaping both the body and sleeves to be seamed together. This is used to give a very firm and nice structure to a sweater and results in a seam straight up the shoulder.
Two at a Time - Knitting items that are to be identical at the same time. In this case, "at the same time" means half of row 1 of item 1, then half of row 1 of item 2, rest of row 1 of item 1, rest of row 1 of item 2, and so on. Socks and sleeves are knit this way often. I tried socks two-at-a-time for the first time 2 weeks ago and it's a lot easier than I expected!
Shaping - Giving any kind of shape to a knitted piece. Obviously this could be achieved by increasing and decreasing stitches along the way, but there are some other popular shaping techniques that can be used. Adding cables to a piece sometimes reduces the width. Short rows are probably the least amount of work of all the shaping methods, since you aren't doing anything to the overall stitch count or stitch pattern.
That concludes this series! I had a lot of fun with it. Coming up with the terms was a job in-and-of-itself, and researching them made me want to try a few things. I know I didn't get everything, so what did I miss that you use often?